Cervical Cancer Treatment

What is Cervical Cancer?

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus. Almost 70% of cervical cancers are caused by a virus called HPV. The virus spreads through sexual contact. Most women's bodies are able to fight HPV infection. But sometimes the virus leads to cancer. There is a higher risk if the patient smokes, has had many children, used birth control pills for a long time, or had HIV infection.

  • Abnormal bleeding, such as bleeding between menstrual periods, after sex, after a pelvic exam, or after menopause
  • Discharge that’s unusual in amount, color, consistency, or smell
  • Having to go to urinate more frequently
  • Pelvic pain
  • Painful urination
  • Human papilloma virus (HPV)
  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)

There is an HPV vaccine available for females above 10 years of age recommended by WHO for protection against cervical cancer.