When abnormal cells divide uncontrolled, that it causes called Cancer. Some cancers may eventually spread into other tissues. Cancer may be start almost anywhere in the human body, Normally, human cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. When cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new cells take their place.
When cancer develops, however, this orderly process breaks down. As cells become more and more abnormal, old or damaged cells survive when they should die, and new cells form when they are not needed. These extra cells can divide without stopping and may form growths called tumours.
|Symptom or Sign||Action to be taken|
|Change in bowel or bladder habits||Ultrasonography and endoscopy|
|A sore that does not heal||Biopsy and oral and skin examination|
|Unusual bleeding or discharge in stool||Rectal exam and colonoscopy|
|Unusual bleeding in between periods||Gynaec examination for cervix and biopsy|
|Thickening or lump in the breast, testicles, elsewhere||Ultrasonography and FNAC if abnormal|
|Indigestion of difficulty swallowing||Endoscopy|
|Obvious change in the size of mole, or mou sore||Biopsy|
|Nagging cough or hoarseness||ENT Examination and X-ray chest|